What is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (blood sugar) which lead over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.

The most common of diabetes disease is Type 2 Diabetes - which is more common in adults, and occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or does not make enough insulin.
 
SYMPTOMS
 
Symptoms of diabetes include:
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
  • Sores that do not heal
  • Unexplained weight loss
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    Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes can start quickly - within a week. Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes often develop slower, over the course of several years and can be so mild that you might not even notice them. Many people with Type 2 Diabetes have no symptoms.

    Warning signs of diabetes include:
  • Increased thirst and hunger (especially after eating)
  • Dry mouth
  • Frequent urination or urine infections
  • Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  • Blurred vision and headaches
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    PRE-DIABETES
     
    Before people develop Type 2 Diabetes they almost have 'pre-diabetes'- which means blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.

    Doctors sometimes refer to prediabetes as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG) depending on what tests they use to detect it. This condition puts you at a higher risk for developing Type 2 Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
     
    DIAGNOSIS
     
    Doctors can diagnose diabetes, prediabetes and gestational diabetes through blood tests. The blood tests show if your blood glucose (blood sugar) is higher than the normal range.
     
    TREATMENT
     
    Taking insulin is often part of treating diabetes. Along with healthy food choices and physical activity, medicine can help you manage the disease. Some other treatment options are also available.
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