Rabies is mainly a disease of animals. Humans get rabies when they are bitten by infected animals - most commonly a dog, cat, monkey or bat. It is an acute disease that causes a potentially lethal inflammation of the spinal cord and the brain known as encephalomyelitis.
The statistic of rabies incidence of human and animal rabies cases occurred in 2014 and 2015. This resulted in three reported human fatalities due to rabies in 2014 and 15 human deaths from rabies in 2015, the report confirmed animal rabies cases increased to 529 in 2015
Rabies affects both domestic and wild animals and spread to people usually via saliva, bites and scratches of an infected animal. The transmission is usually through a bite wound, but the disease has been known to spread through a scratch or an existing open wound.
The incubation period (the period of time between exposure to a disease and the onset of clinical signs) for rabies can vary greatly. The typical incubation period is three to eight weeks but it can be as little as nine days or as long as several years in some rare cases. The incubation period depends on several factors, including the location of the entry wound, the severity of the wound and the animas immune system. In general, the farther the wound is from the brain, the longer the incubation period will be occurring.
Rabies has no symptoms right away. In Incubation period, Rabies can lay dormant in your body for 1 to 3 months. Symptoms will appear once the virus travels through your central nervous system and hits your brain.
The first symptom is fever. You might feel generally tired or weak. You may feel pain, tingling or burning at the site of the wound.
- The early signs of rabies typically include behavioral changes; the animal may appear aggressive or more friendly than normal.
- Animals develop hypersensitivity to light and sound. They may also have seizures or become vicious.
- The final stage of rabies is typified by paralysis of the nerves that control the head and throat — the animal will hyper-salivate and lose the ability to swallow. As the paralysis progresses, the animal eventually goes into respiratory failure and dies.